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AP Resources - Cells (Chapter 3)

Cell

 

2 major components

 

Cytoplasm

 

Cell membrane

 

Globular Proteins

 

Membrane Channel

 

Carrier Molecule

 

Receptor Molecule

 

Cell adhesion molecules

 

Glycocalyx

 

Fluid Mosaic Model

 

Motility structures

 

Edo/exocytosis 

 

Membrane Transport

 

filtration

 

diffusion

 

osmosis

  

Osmotic Pressure

 

Osmolality

 

Osmolarity

 

Hypotonic

 

Hypertonic

 

Isotonic

 

Carrier Mediated

 

Transport

 

Facilitated diffusion

 

Active transport

 

Sodium-potassium pump

 

Mitochondria

 

Creb Cycle

 

Electron Transport System

 

Aerobic

 

Anerobic

Amoeboid Movement

 

Phagocytosis

 

Ribosomes

 

Free Ribosomes

 

Cytoskeleton

 

2 types of Protein Fibers

 

Function

 

Nucleolus

 

Centrisome

 

Centrioles

 

Nucleic Acid

 

Gene Expression

 

mRNA

 

transcribe

 

Transcription

 

rRNA

 

3 attachment sites

 

Translation

 

Codon

 

tRNA

 

Anticodon

 

Start/Stop codons

 

Posttranslation modifications

occurs in 

 

Cell Division

 

Mitosis

 

PMAT

P

 

M

 

A

 

T

 

Types of Organelles