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AP Resources - Chapter One Outline/Atlas A

Organism

 

Organ system

 

Organ

 

Tissue

 

Cell

 

Organelles

 

Molecules

 

Atoms

 

Homeostasis

 

Set point

 

Negative feedback

 

Positive feedback

 

Anatomical Position

 

Anatomical Planes

 

Sagittal

 

Midsagittal

 

Frontal/coronal

 

Transverse/horizontal

 

Directional Terms

 

Ventral

 

Dorsal

 

Anterior

 

Posterior

 

Superior

 

Inferior

 

Medial

 

Lateral

 

Proximal

 

Distal

 

Superficial

 

Deep

 

Body Regions

 

*body regions give arteries, veins, muscles, etc their names; ex: brachial artery is in the brachial region of the arm*

Axial Region

 

Appendicular Region

 

Body Cavities and Membranes

 

Know pg 34 in your Anatomy/physiology book fourth edition

 

The body is divided into 2 major body cavities

 

Serous membranes- 2 layers, with a space in-between filled with serous fluid=cavity

 

Visceral

 

Parietal

 

Ex: parietal pleura

 

Pleural cavity

 

Visceral pleura

 

Peritoneum

 

Messentaries

 

Retroperitoneal

 

The body is made up of 60-70% water- 2/3 of all the fluid is found in Intracellular fluid

 

Intracellular (ICF) 2/3 fluid in the cell

 

Extracellular (ECF) 1/3 any fluid outside of the cell

 

Human Organ Systems

 

11

 

Integumentary

 

Skeletal

 

Muscular

 

Nervous

 

Endocrine

 

Cardiovascular

 

Lymphatic

 

Respiratory

 

Digestive

 

Urinary

 

Reproductive