Leadership Substitutes & Neutralizers

Substitutes Neutralizers
  • Peer appraisal / feedback

  • gain-sharing reward programs

  • staff available for problems

  • methods for resolving conflict

  • team building to solve work-related problems

  • intrinsic satisfaction in work

  • cohesive work groups

  • employees with high ability, experience, and knowledge

  • physical distance between leader and subordinate

  • indifference toward rewards

  • inflexible work rules

  • rigid reward systems

  • practice of bypassing the manager